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Showing posts with the label Climate Change & Environment

Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

Sea Grass Has Extensive Stores of Sugar

There are also large sources of sugar in the sea. These sources, present in the form of sea grass, contain large amounts of sucrose, which is a major component of the sugar used in the kitchen. Sea grass at the bottom of the ocean has 1.3 million tonnes of sugar reserves, that is, sweetness equal to the sweetness of 32 billion cold drinks.  This was revealed by a recent study conducted at the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Germany. Marine microbiologist Nicole Dubilier says that sea grasses produce sugar during photosynthesis.  The researchers tested their hypothesis through mass spectrometry techniques in ocean grasslands. This showed that in average light these seagrasses use sucrose for self metabolism, but in high light, such as afternoon or summer, these grasses produce more sugar. Release excess sugar into their rhizosphere. The surprising thing is that this sugar is not absorbed by marine organisms.  To prevent this, seagrasses send out phenolic com

Plastic Sheets are Poisoning the Soil and Crops in the Form of Microplastics in Farms

Microplastic particles are poisoning not only groundwater but also soil and crops. Plastic sheets are widely used in the fields which are dissolving the fine particles of plastic in the soil. It is also affecting the crops. This is where the particles are reaching the depths of human blood and lungs. In March of this year, researchers measured plastic particles in human blood . Subsequently, these particles were also identified in the lungs. Toxic Link , a non-governmental organization working on plastic pollution, has shared this information on the basis of testing samples taken from agricultural lands at different places. According to the study conducted by Toxic Link, 30 samples were taken from different agricultural farms. Microplastic particles were found in all these samples. In addition, the presence of heavy metals was also found in the soil samples. Plastic sheets are being used for the last 20 years from where the samples were taken. Plastic sheets are generally u

Due to Climate Change, The Fish Population Will Decrease Unexpectedly

At present, climate change remains a major and worldwide problem. Probably no organism on earth is untouched by the effects of climate change. The ever-increasing temperature (global warming) is affecting everyone. Recently, a new study related to climate change has revealed a new thing.  This study said that due to climate change, the temperature of the oceans is increasing unexpectedly which will eventually negatively affect the fish species. This will not only reduce the total fish population but will also lead to the loss of fish biodiversity.  The study was published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B . This study presents a mixed picture of the marine ecosystem. It states that warming of the climate will push larger species of fish and their occupations out of their historical ranges, but will not be as abundant in their new geographic ranges. For example, a fisherman can find fish in the Atlantic Ocean even after 200 years from today, but their numbers may be

Plastic Pollution in Ininhabited Areas Like the Arctic is As Serious As the Rest of The World

Plastic pollution is now affecting even the most deserted and coldest areas of the world. Scientists say that as much plastic pollution is around us, it has also reached deserted places like the Arctic. This new study finds that debris from clothing, personal care product residues, packaging and other everyday materials that are transported north of the Arctic Ocean via ocean waves, wind gusts and river drainage systems are seriously affecting the Arctic ecosystem.  In addition, microplastics have made their way everywhere. Now, this is being found in the infinite depths of the ocean, on remote beaches, in rivers, and even in ice.   But researchers were taken by surprise when measurable microplastic levels were detected in human blood in March this year. In Germany, according to a study by the Alfred Wegener Institute , plastics have become a major challenge to the environment and ecology.   Lead author Melanie Bergman of the research team said: 'The Arctic is thought

Researchers Find Microplastics In Human Blood For The First Time

A team of researchers has shown for the first time that plastic particles from plastic items used in our daily lives such as plastic bags, toys, bottles, disposable cutlery have reached measurable levels in human blood. This research was published in the scientific journal ' Environmental International '. It has been told that the plastic items used by us not only adversely affect the environment but are also being absorbed by our blood flow system. In the blood samples, the most commonly found polymers were polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and styrene. In addition, polymethyl methacrylate has also been found. Polypropylene has also been found in the analysis but its quantity was not measurable. PET is commonly found in water, soda, milk, household cleaning products, plastic bags, toys, etc. Polymers of styrene are found in disposable cutlery, plastic models, CD-DVDs, etc. Heather Leslie, an environmental specialist at Vrije University in Amsterdam, says: 'We ha