Skip to main content

Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

What is Nanotechnology in Simple Terms?

Nanotechnology has established its reach in almost all areas of our life. This branch of physics based on the measurement and application of precision is not very new.
 
Depending on the application it is quite ancient. In recent years, many researches and studies have been done related to nanotechnology and its uses.

Through which this technology has attained new heights of development. 

Hence this period is termed as 'Nano Revolution'. The nano revolution is expected to be a milestone not only in physics but in many fields including quantum physics. But  nanotechnology in medicine can change the overall scenario of therapies in hospitals. 

Through this treatment of incurable diseases will be possible using nano robotics also known as molecular robotics. Nano robot would be able to deliver medicines to disease affected cells/tissues of our body. Such patients can also be cured whose chances of survival are negligible.

Basically, nanotechnology is a field of science research with with the understanding and control of matter at dimensions between approximately 1 and 100 nanometers.  

When the scale of something is taken in nanometers, fundamental changes occur in the properties of its substances. This creates application possibilities to concerned. 

Nanotechnology is considered even stronger than the Industrial Revolution. Its applications range from automobiles to medical science. Nanotechnology is helping to considerably improve, even revolutionize, many technology and industry sectors like information technology, homeland security, medicine, transportation, energy, food processing and safety, and environmental science, among many others.

Nanotechnology is broadly classified as nano materials, nano electronics, nano biotechnology etc. But the possibilities of its applications are limitless in all areas. 

What are key methods of nanotechnology?

Two major methods are adopted in nanotechnology. Which are as follows -

1. In this method, materials and devices are made from molecular components, Which is based on the chemical principle of self- assemble ability through molecular recognition of molecules.

2. In this system, nano materials are made from large elements without control over the molecular surface.

Renewed interest in nanotechnology on impulse media and colloidal science and new generation of analytical instruments such as Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) and Observational Tunneling Microscope (STM) etc. 

The computation of nanostructures with these instruments using systems such as electron beam lithography and molecular beam epitaxy has led to a substantial advances in nanotechnology.

Nanotechnology and it's examples in modern use are the manufacture of polymers based on molecular structures and computer chips based on surface science. 

Despite the many promising uses of nanotechnology such as quantum dots and nanotubes, actual commercial use remains on a large scale.  

Nanotechnology used for such as sun protection creams, cosmetics, protective coatings, targeted therapies and medicines, manufacturing of anti-staining clothing etc.

What is Nano Chip?

At present, microchips and nanochips produces using nanotechnology. Nano Chip can hold thousands of times more information than the chips used in computers and smartphones. 

Through 'The Oxford Innovation' technology of Oxford Company Iris Innovation, carbon nanotubes can be used instead of silicon chips. 

Carbon nano tubes are about 500th the size of a transistor. It has better electrical properties than its similar. Nanochips are also used for manufacturing of flexible electronic products. With the help of graphics, nano tubes like nano wire and carbon membrane are made. 

When these are combined with polymers, electricity is produced. LED based nano light bulb has been developed. 

Nowadays, LED bulbs made from nanotechnology are used for almost every household. This bulb saves a lot of electricity as compared to other bulbs.

How can nanorobotics technology be integrated in medicine?

Nanotechnology in medicine has proved to be very effective and accurate. Researchers from Tel Abib University have made significant progress in this approach of nanotechnology. 

He created a nano robot the size of just one atom in thickness, which is as strong as styrene and flexible as rubber. This nano robot is capable of tracking every corner of the body like the 'Mini Submarine'.  

This has made it possible to remove the blockage of arteries and veins. Targeted drug delivery system in the body has become possible using nanotechnology in medicine. 

Cancer cells can be killed and remove through targeted drug delivery system. Apart from this, it has become possible to identify serious diseases in their early stages. Scientists from India have also successfully tested the use of nanotechnology for pain relief medicine development. 

The Indian Defense Research Institute (DRDO) conducted successful experiments to eliminate pain by effectively using magnetic nanoparticles for electric shocks.

Some Major Applications Of Nanotechnology

However, the fields of nanotechnology uses are very wide. Most of the commercial use is for first generation inert substances. 

These mainly include Titanium dioxide is used for cosmetics purposes. Silver nanoparticles are used for safely canning food items, in the manufacture of attractive clothing, in the manufacture of disinfectants, etc. 

Zinc Oxide nanoparticles are used for the manufacture of toiletries, paints, furniture varnishes etc. Cerium Oxide is used for as fuel catalyst in automobiles. 

Research on the operation of molecules at the nanoscale continues to take the basic principles and characteristics of nanotechnology to the production level. 

But misuse of the word nano by technocrats and scientists could lead to a backlash. 

In the field of medicine and biotechnology, Nanotechnology can be possible to diagnose many such diseases which are till now incurable.

What problems might be associated with nanotechnology?

Nanotechnology has the potential to change the course of life. But with its wide potential use, some practical problems will also arise. In the future, there will be economic side effects from products related to nanotechnology. 

The economic disparity between developed and developing/underdeveloped countries will increase tremendously. 

Because as a result of nanotechnology, traditional products will stop and people associated with them will also become useless. 

Nevertheless, nanotechnology will be used in almost every area of ​​life, because research work is being done continuously on nanotechnology.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Eye Masks Can Really Help Improve Your Overall Quality of Sleep

Sufficient and deep sleep is essential for our health and wellness. Insufficient sleep creates many kind of physical and mental problems for our healthy life. Recently, a new research has revealed that sleeping with blindfolds increases brain function . Blindfold prevents dim lights coming from the window to falling on eyes. This does not disturb our sleep and we are able to sleep deeply. Getting enough and deep sleep at night increases our brain's ability to receive informations and communication skills. In a study published in Sleep Journal , Eye masks increases our memory and alertness. Research author Vivana Greco, from Cardiff University's School of Psychology , said the team of researchers used two types of experiments to understand how eye masks help us. The team of researchers monitored both the groups for a week. The research concluded that the cognitive level of the group using the eye mask was higher than that of the group that did not use the eye mask. T

Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

Insulin Deficiency From Insulin Gene Mutation Leads to Smaller Pancreas

A new thing has come to light about the case of insulin deficient diabetes type-1 patients. Researchers found that the pancreas of such patients is smaller than the pancreas of a healthy person.   Beta cells responsible for producing insulin make up a very small portion of the pancreas. Therefore, it was not expected to reduce the size of pancreas due to their degradation in type-1 diabetes. Researchers at Vanderbilt University Medical Center studied to a family living in Alabama and found that insulin deficiency, not autoimmune diabetes, is the primary cause of pancreatic shortening in type 1 diabetes. Four out of eight members of this family were suffering from monogenetic diabetes. It is caused by a rare mutation in the insulin gene.   This leads to insulin deficiency without autoimmunity. MRI of pancreas found that it was smaller in size and abnormal in shape in diabetic patients. This was similar to what was observed in individuals with type 1 diabetes.  The research