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Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

Astronomers Discover Eight New Blackhole Binaries in Our Galaxy

Blackhole is one of the most mysterious things in the universe. Its gravitational force is so strong that it does not allow anything near it to pass through, even attracts light inside itself.

Astronomers are constantly trying to unravel the mysteries of black holes. In this episode, astronomers have succeeded in detecting eight new blackhole binaries. These resonate around our galaxy.

According to this study, combining their images together can reveal how a black hole moves in an explosion. So far only two such black holes were known.

Blackhole binaries are systems that orbit a star. Students from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) carried out this research with the help of the California Institute of Technology and other institutions. The findings of this research were published in The Astrophysical Journal.

There are millions of black holes in our galaxy that have tremendous gravitational force. They are usually densely black and, except in a few rare cases, continue to swallow their surroundings.

As a blackhole draws dust and gas from an orbiting star, it can give off a rapid burst of X-rays. This bounces off the gas and resonates.

Astronomers have detected the glow and resonance emanating from nearby blackhole X-ray binaries using a new automated search tool called the Reverbation Machine.

Eight new blackhole binaries have been detected in our galaxy that generate resonance. Comparing the echo, the astronomers drew a picture and attempted to understand how blackholes are formed by explosions.

They found that initially the blackhole goes through a hard phase. He pressurizes a jet of particles with a corona of high energy photons. At a certain point a bright glow comes out of the blackhole. After this, the blackhole calms down.

According to astronomers, this type of event can explain how the black hole in our galaxy may have been formed.

According to Erin Cara, assistant professor of physics at MIT, the role of black holes in galaxy evolution is a better question of modern astrophysics.

By understanding the explosions in these tiny blackhole binaries, they hope to understand how such explosions in supermassive blackholes ultimately impact to our galaxy.

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