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Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

How did the early black holes form and what did they look like? James Webb getting ready for research going back in time

The James Webb Telescope is at its maximum cooling temperature point. Its mirrors have been calibrated and its target is fixed.

This telescope will search for evidence of black holes formed after the emergence of the universe and in its childhood. 

The web is in the final stages of fully operating its tools before starting scientific research. Blackholes are the mysterious objects in the universe. They are considered to be the demons of the universe. 

The thing that makes them different from other cosmic objects is that they are invisible and finding them is a difficult task. 

Apart from this, their gravitational force is very powerful. According to scientists, a black hole is found in the center of every galaxy, which includes our galaxy. 

A puzzle in front of modern astronomy remains - how did a giant black hole come to the center of every galaxy?

James Webb Telescope, whose purpose is to study the universe immediately after the Big Bang, this observatory will keep its eyes on these things. 

After the creation of Blackhole, this telescope will become a new way of understanding their evolution.

According to Roberto Maolino, a member of James Webb's science team, the exciting field, this telescope is going to open is the discovery of primitive black holes in the early universe.

'These are the seeds of much larger black holes that astronomers have found in the nuclei of galaxies. 

Most (perhaps all) galaxies host black holes in their nuclei that are millions or billions of times greater than the mass of our Sun,' Maiolino explained in a NASA blog.

Scientists have recently discovered supermassive black holes with several billion solar masses. 

These black holes were formed 700 million years after the formation of the universe. 

This is a small fraction compared to the present age of the universe (13.8 billion years).

According to astronomers, these black holes were formed after the death of the first generation of stars in the early universe. 

Meanwhile, another scenario is that ancient gas clouds that are not yet enriched with chemical elements heavier than helium may have collapsed directly. 

As a result, a black hole with a mass of a few hundred thousand solar masses can be formed.

The James Webb Telescope is going to open a completely new space in this area. 

It is possible that a few hundred years after the birth of the universe (baby universe) the first seed of black hole was formed. 

James Webb is a perfect time machine to know about these primitive things' said Roberto Maiolini.

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