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Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

Why is the Color of the Planet Uranus Lighter than that of Neptune?

Our universe holds countless mysteries. The scientific community is constantly trying to unravel these mysteries. 

In this episode, scientists have uncovered a big mystery which is related to our solar system.

There are two planets present in our solar system, Uranus and Neptune, which have many similarities with each other. 

Despite this, the appearance is slightly different. Neptune looks bright blue while Uranus looks light blue. 

Researchers have found out the main reason for this difference between the two. 

According to scientists, the light blue color of Uranus is due to the haze present in its atmosphere.

According to research by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA), the researchers developed a single atmospheric model that matches the observations of the two planets.

The Gemini North Telescope, the NASA Infrared Telescope Facility and the Hubble Space Telescope were used to study both planets.

This model has shown that the light color of Uranus is due to the extra haze that forms from the stable and dull atmosphere of this planet.

The layer of haze on the planet Uranus is thicker than that of Neptune. 

For this reason, more whiteness is seen in the color of Uranus. 

If haze is not present in the atmosphere of both, then both will look almost identical.

There are many similarities in both the planets such as mass, size, atmospheric composition etc. Despite this, both look different in appearance.

On one hand Neptune, which appears clearly blue, on the other hand, a light shade is seen on Uranus. 

Astronomers were trying to find out the reason for a long time and finally they found the answer.

An international team of researchers led by Patrick Irvine, Professor of Planetary Physics at Oxford University, developed a model to detect aerosol layers in the planets Uranus and Neptune.

On the basis of the findings obtained from this model, the researchers were successful in detecting the difference in color of both the planets.

Prior investigations of the upper atmospheres of these planets focused only on the presence of the atmosphere at specific wavelengths.

However, the new model includes several atmospheric layers that match observations from both planets over a wide range of wavelengths.

The new model also includes particles of haze within the deeper layers, previously thought to be clouds of only methane and hydrogen sulfide ions.

The findings of this study were published in the Journal of Geological Research: Planets.

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