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Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

Creative People's Brain Works in A Creative Way Compared to Other People

There is a saying that no work is special, but the way of doing it is what makes it special. The same is true in the context of a person's creativity. A new research study has revealed the explanation of how a person's way of doing things can be different from other people. In this, the researchers found that the brain of a highly creative person works differently than other people.

Due to this their creativity gives them different kind of happiness and they also complete their work soon. The study is published in the journal Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts.

Exceptionally creative visual artists and scientists are placed in the Big C creative category. Some of this group volunteered to have Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) of their brains.

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This helped the researchers understand that due to the psychology, behavior of such people, there is a change in the working area of ​​their brain, which motivates them to complete their work and also fuels their creativity.

Brain connectivity has an important role

"The findings of our study suggest that the brain connectivity of exceptionally creative individuals guides them to stay away from the path of normal or backward people," said Ariana Anderson, associate professor at the Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at the University of California, Los Angeles.

Robert Builder, director of the Tenenbaum Center for the Biology of Creativity at the Semmel Institute, explained that although the concept of creativity has been studied for many years, little is known about its biological basis. Even less is known about the brain system of exceptionally creative people.

What kind of difference was found in the analysis?

The builder pointed out that exceptional creativity was associated with a more random way on a global scale. This pattern helps to interconnect the less dominant but distant nodes located in the brain. These patterns differed more at the spatial level, which depended more on whether they served their purpose.
 
But, surprisingly, Big C Creative showed greater effectiveness in local processing while local connectivity was less effective, especially when getting the job done required some extra thought.

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For a comparative study, the researchers used airline route maps and found that Big C creative brains have similar activities when they leave a flight to a connectivity hub to get to a smaller city.

Anderson said the difference is similar when other people wait three hours at major airports. Whereas highly creative people take a direct flight to reach their destination. In most of the cases, this random connection is less effective, he said. But their brain activities establish new connections for them.

Builder, who has been researching topics related to the brain and human behavior for more than 30 years, said that people from the Big C class have more effective local brain connectivity. But this happens only in certain circumstances, which is related to their experience.

Similar to our previous study findings, this research has also proved that such people take less time than other people to complete their specific creative work.

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