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Researchers Identify New Genes Linked With Schizophrenia Risk in First-of-Its-Kind Study

Researchers have made an important discovery about the causes of schizophrenia, a disease related to dementia or fragmented mentality.   Researchers have identified two genes associated with the disease as well as a third gene that carries the risk of schizophrenia and autism. Scientists involved in this research believes, this discovery can go a long way in finding a cure for these kind of diseases. Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine found that these harmful genes are almost the same in every ethnic or racial group. The findings of this research were published in Nature Genetics . According to an estimate, about one percent of people worldwide suffering from schizophrenia. The scientists identified two risky genes, SRRM2 and AKAP11, based on a comparative analysis of gene sequencing from individuals with schizophrenia and healthy individuals. It compared a dataset of 35,828 patients with schizophrenia to 107,877 healthy or control groups and included a variety of

Effect of Sun's Movements: Moderate Intensity Solar Storm May Hit Earth Today

In the recent few days, there has been a strong explosion on the Sun at the same place, raising strong flames 17 times.  The movement on the Sun can cause a moderate geomagnetic storm on Earth. But geomagnetic storms of high intensity can have the adverse effects on satellite systems, power lines, and solar radiations. According to Space.Com, 'A place called AR-2975 on the surface of the Sun (Sunspot) has been seen at least 17 times since Monday. This movement of the Sun's surface can also be felt on Earth. Scientists suggests that we can face a celestial magnetic storm on Thursday. A sunspot is a place on the surface of the Sun where the magnetic lines bend and suddenly realign near the visible surface. NASA's powerful Solar Dynamics Observatory has captured images of events on the Sun's surface. According to NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the first Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) will be seen on Thursday. Another similar incident

Older People Who Take Statin Drugs Have A Lower Risk of Parkinson's Disease

Consumption of any medicine indicates that a person is ill. But there are some medicines which cure the disease but its side effects cause another disease. While there are some medicines which not only cure the disease but also prevent inevitable diseases like Parkinson. Regarding this, an important study was conducted under the leadership of researchers from the American Academy of Neurology . This study found that elderly people who take statin drugs have a lower risk of Parkinson's disease than those who do not. The study was published in the ' Journal of Neurology '. Parkinson's disease mainly affects the elderly. It is associated with disorders of the nervous system. Due to this, the body of the person suffering from this tremors, there is also trouble in walking, the ability of the brain to control the organs decreases. What is a statin drug? This medication is commonly used to lower blood cholesterol, prevent atherosclerosis (cleansing of the arteries

HIV is Not Eradicated From the Root Due to Lack of CD-73 Protein

Antiretroviral therapy is known to limit the replication of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and destroy infected cells. But this virus is never completely eradicated from the human body. It retains its presence in some cells and goes deep into the tissues. HIV is a far cry from the human immune system. Researchers at the University of Alberta in Canada have discovered why infected people cannot get rid of HIV/AIDS. The team found that the T-cells of HIV patients had very low amounts of a protein called CD-73. T-cells are a type of white blood cell responsible for recognizing and destroying infected cells. University immunologist Shokrola Elahi concluded the study, published in the journal PLOS Pathogens, "Since CD-73 is responsible for the transfer and movement of cells in tissue, the lack of the protein causes T-cells to detect and detect HIV-infected cells." weak in destroying them.

Researchers Find Microplastics In Human Blood For The First Time

A team of researchers has shown for the first time that plastic particles from plastic items used in our daily lives such as plastic bags, toys, bottles, disposable cutlery have reached measurable levels in human blood. This research was published in the scientific journal ' Environmental International '. It has been told that the plastic items used by us not only adversely affect the environment but are also being absorbed by our blood flow system. In the blood samples, the most commonly found polymers were polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and styrene. In addition, polymethyl methacrylate has also been found. Polypropylene has also been found in the analysis but its quantity was not measurable. PET is commonly found in water, soda, milk, household cleaning products, plastic bags, toys, etc. Polymers of styrene are found in disposable cutlery, plastic models, CD-DVDs, etc. Heather Leslie, an environmental specialist at Vrije University in Amsterdam, says: 'We ha

What is Autophagy and How Does it Work in Our Body to Digesting Damaged Cells?

The word autophagy is derived from the Greek words 'Auto' meaning self and 'Phagy' meaning eating. Autophagy is a self-digesting mechanism responsible for removal of damaged organelles in our body . It is a normal psychological process that is responsible for the automatic digestion of cells in human body. Autophagy is the same as feeding of damaged cells. Autophagy is a lysosome dependent mechanism to remove unnecessary proteins in our body. It suggests the orderly degradation and recycling of cellular components.  Autophagy maintains normal functions through protein degradation during biosynthesis, and nonfunctional long-lived proteins by lysosome. It automatically creates new cells to replace destroyed cells.  This concept emerged during the 1960's , when researchers first observed that the cell could destroy its own contents to the membrane. In the 1990s , Oshinori Ohsumi used Baker's yeast to identify genes required for autophagy destructions.

What is Nanotechnology in Simple Terms?

Nanotechnology has established its reach in almost all areas of our life. This branch of physics based on the measurement and application of precision is not very new.   Depending on the application it is quite ancient. In recent years, many researches and studies have been done related to nanotechnology and its uses. Through which this technology has attained new heights of development.  Hence this period is termed as ' Nano Revolution '. The nano revolution is expected to be a milestone not only in physics but in many fields including quantum physics. But  nanotechnology in medicine can change the overall scenario of therapies in hospitals.  Through this treatment of incurable diseases will be possible using nano robotics also known as molecular robotics. Nano robot would be able to deliver medicines to disease affected cells/tissues of our body. Such patients can also be cured whose chances of survival are negligible. Basically, nanotechnology is a field of scie